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Sharon Lockhart, Ola, “TODAY IN POLITICS,” Our Review no. 167 (8863), June 16, 1939, National Library of Poland, Warsaw, February 3, 2017. Framed chromogenic print, 161,3 x 200,7 cm. Image: Courtesy of the artist, Gladstone Gallery, New York and Brussels, neugerriemschneider, Berlin, and Zachęta – National Gallery of Art, Warsaw Download

Little Review

Sharon Lockhart

Sharon Lockhart (b. 1964) is an American artist living and working in Los Angeles and Poland. Lockhart works with communities to make films and photographs that are both visually compelling and socially engaged through collaborations that unfold over long periods of time. Created with young women from the Youth Sociotherapy Center in Rudzienko, Poland, her project Little Review comprises translations, a new film and series of photographs, as well as educational workshops. Little Review draws its inspiration from the work of Janusz Korczak (1878-1942), the Polish-Jewish educator, orphanage-director, and children’s rights advocate. Similar to Korczak, Lockhart’s goal is to provide a forum for children’s voices — both past and present.

The eponymous Little Review (Mały Przegląd) was a newspaper written by children and teenagers and published as a weekly supplement to the Jewish daily Our Review (Nasz Przegląd) from 1926 to 1939. Created and originally edited by Korczak, the Little Review gave voice to young people’s opinions on politics and everyday life.

The new photographs in the exhibition — introspective and careful studies — portray two young women from Rudzienko reading the Little Review in the National Library in Warsaw, where the newspaper has been conserved. Framing an encounter across nearly a hundred years of history, the photographs reflect on the gaps, linkages, and subtexts between past and present.

From the archive of 677 issues, the young women chose twenty-nine issues of the Little Review based in part on connections with their own lives and parallels to today’s uncertain times. Their selections from the paper, which remains untranslated and largely unknown, are presented here for the first time in English on a weekly basis for the duration of the Biennale.

Accompanying the texts, a new film by Lockhart suggests a more abstract translation of the Little Review: three acts and a satirical prologue performed by the young women that evoke the resilient and candid spirit of Korczak’s newspaper. Set against a black background that refuses a single context, the scenes are resonant of the history of a diverse group of practices in both the visual and performing arts. Given this space to be seen and heard, the young women, like Korczak’s writers, command performances full of nuance and self-possession.

Since 2014, Lockhart has been conducting workshops with the young women of Rudzienko.

Throughout the Biennale, Lockhart and the Zachęta – National Gallery of Art in Warsaw will continue to organize educational workshops for the young women aimed at empowering their sense of agency, freedom, creativity and modeling possibilities for longer-term support structures with Warsaw institutions.

At the heart of this multilayered project are the subtle and myriad ways in which individual lives and their sociopolitical realities are brought together through an intermingling of past and present. The installation furnished with architectural elements adapted from the National Library in Warsaw, gives palpable form to this density of histories and lives. A collective portrait that focuses, in the here and now, a nearly hundred-year-old call for an empathetic community that cares for every voice.

 Participants of the Little Review project include the young women aged fourteen to eighteen from the Youth Sociotherapy Center in Rudzienko: Weronika Banach, Elżbieta Bugajewska, Agnieszka Chodakowska, Beata Domańska, Patrycja Dominiczak, Zuzanna Dziembakowska, Nadzieja Flinik, Patrycja Głogowska, Aleksandra Grabowska, Zofia Grzywacz, Agnieszka Jamiołkowska, Małgorzata Kowalska, Aleksandra Kowynia, Wiktoria Kruszewska, Natalia Leśniewska, Natalia Mikołajczyk, Alekandra Mojsiejew, Maja Nowakowska, Adrianna Olczak, Patrycja Onochowska, Alicja Pałaszewska, Alicja Pasternak, Angelika Piekacz, Natalia Skoroch, Paulina Suchocka, Karolina Szyc, Natalia Tetych, Wiktoria Tomaszewska, Aleksandra Wiśniewska, Kinga Woźniesińska, Gabriela Zadrożna, Karolina Zembrzuska.

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  • YEAR2017
  • CATEGORY Art Biennale
  • EDITION57
  • DATES13.05 – 26.11
  • COMMISSIONERHanna Wróblewska
  • CURATORBarbara Piwowarska
  • PARTICIPANTS

    Sharon Lockhart

  • TEAM
    organizer: Zachęta – National Gallery of Art
    deputy commissioner: Joanna Waśko

    young women from the Youth Sociotherapy Center in Rudzienko: Weronika Banach, Elżbieta Bugajewska, Agnieszka Chodakowska, Beata Domańska, Patrycja Dominiczak, Zuzanna Dziembakowska, Nadzieja Flinik, Patrycja Głogowska, Aleksandra Grabowska, Zofia Grzywacz, Agnieszka Jamiołkowska, Małgorzata Kowalska, Aleksandra Kowynia, Wiktoria Kruszewska, Natalia Leśniewska, Natalia Mikołajczyk, Alekandra Mojsiejew, Maja Nowakowska, Adrianna Olczak, Patrycja Onochowska, Alicja Pałaszewska, Alicja Pasternak, Angelika Piekacz, Natalia Skoroch, Izabela Smelczyńska, Paulina Suchocka, Karolina Szyc, Natalia Tetych, Wiktoria Tomaszewska, Aleksandra Wiśniewska, Kinga Woźniesińska, Gabriela Zadrożna, Karolina Zembrzuska

    exhibition in the pavilion
    architecture: EscherGunewardena Architecture
    audio-visual: Eidotech Polska
    construction: Andrzej Bialik with Grzegorz Ostromecki, Paweł Ostromecki, Sebastian Staroń

    “Little Review” newspaper
    coordination: Dorota Karaszewska
    copy editor: Paulina Bożek
    graphic design: Błażej Pindor
    substantive editing: Agnieszka Witkowska-Krych
    translations: Paulina Bożek, Marek Jeżowski, Taida Meredith, Elżbieta Petrajtis-O’Neill, Grzegorz Nowak
    and
    contributing editor: A.E. Benenson

    film
    assistant director: Alex Slade
    camera: Volker Gläser
    choreography: Marta Ziółek
    piano: Izabela Smelczyńska
    sound: Radosław Ochnio
    production: Wojtek Markowski | Muddy Hill Productions
    and
    editor and post production supervisor: May Rigler
    re-recording mixer: Aidan Reynolds

    workshops & presentations
    coordination: Aleksandra Knychalska with Michał Grzegorzek
    dance: Marta Ziółek with Agnieszka Kryst, Katarzyna Sikora
    editing: Urszula Jabłońska
    mindfulness: Małgorzata Wiśniewska
    piano: Izabela Smelczyńska
    and
    culinary: Mahmoud Rai
    feminism: Joanna Ostrowska
    graphic arts: Radek Nowik, Lukasz Szymański
    Janusz Korczak research: Marta Ciesielska, Agnieszka Witkowska-Krych, Wojciech Lasota
    meditation: Mantra Studio Warsaw
    movement: Magdalena Marcinkowska
    painting: Natan Kryszk
    photography: Michał Tyburski
    Teen Addiction Anonymous: Anonymous
    writing: Gunia Nowik, Patrick Komorowski, Paulina Reiter
    vocal: Edyta Jarząb, Maria Kozłowska
    epistolary translator: Martyna Gart

    Workshops for the girls from Rudzienko are organized by Zachęta — National Gallery of Art throughout 2017 and coordinated by Zachęta’s Education Department (Zofia Dubowska, Karolina Iwańczyk). Collaborators include: Lockhart Studio, Los Angeles and Warsaw; the Theatre Educators Association, Warsaw; the Museum of Modern Art, Warsaw; Służew Cultural Center, Warsaw; History Meeting House, Warsaw, and others.
  • PARTNERS
    Polish participation at the 57th International Art Exhibition of La Biennale di Venezia was made possible through the financial support of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland. Cooperatoin: City of Warsaw, Adam Mickiewicz Institute

    The project was realized in collaboration with Youth Sociotherapy Center in Rudzienko, National Library of Poland, Korczakianum Center for Documentation and Research (Museum of Warsaw), POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Lockhart Studio.

English translations of the "Little Review" newspaper that accompanies the project in the Polish Pavilion

Every Friday a new translation of the “Little Review” newspaper selected by the girls from Rudzienko is made available in the pavilion and online (29 issues in total).

  1. Little Review announcement, October 7, 1926; Little Review, October 9, 1926 (1348) — ENG | PL
  2. Little Review, October 15, 1926 (1354) — ENG | PL
  3. Little Review, June 10, 1927 (1577) — ENG | PL
  4. Little Review, October 21, 1927 (1308) — ENG | PL
  5. Little Review, April 13, 1928 (1502) — ENG | PL
  6. Little Review, January 4, 1929 (1766) — ENG | PL
  7. Little Review, May 10, 1929 (1937) — ENG | PL
  8. Little Review, April 24, 1931 (2901) — ENG | PL
  9. Little Review, April 28, 1933 (3818) — ENG | PL
  10. Little Review, August 18, 1933 (3931) — ENG | PL
  11. Little Review, October 13, 1933 (3985) — ENG | PL
  12. Little Review, December 8, 1933 (4043) — ENG | PL
  13. Little Review, February 23, 1934 (4119) — ENG | PL
  14. Little Review, April 6, 1934 (4167) — ENG | PL
  15. Little Review, February 8, 1935 (4477) — ENG | PL
  16. Little Review, February 22, 1935 (4491) — ENG | PL
  17. Little Review, May 17, 1935 (4575) — ENG | PL
  18. Little Review, May 31, 1935 (4595) — ENG | PL

“Little Review” English translations and graphic design available under CC BY-SA 3.0 license. “Mały Przegląd” original isseus are in the public domain.



Works on display

Sharon Lockhart, LITTLE REVIEW, 2017. Single-channel installation, HD Video, continuous loop (color/sound), 27:17 minutes. Courtesy of the artist and Zachęta – National Gallery of Art, Warsaw

Sharon Lockhart, Agnieszka, “MANIFESTO OF THE MILKY NIGHT,” Little Review no. 131 (4568), May 10, 1935, National Library of Poland, Warsaw, February 2, 2017, 2017. Framed chromogenic print (panel B), 161,3 x 200,7 cm. Image: Courtesy of the artist, Gladstone Gallery, New York and Brussels, neugerriemschneider, Berlin, and Zachęta – National Gallery of Art, Warsaw

Sharon Lockhart, Ola, “TODAY IN POLITICS,” Our Review no. 167 (8863), June 16, 1939, National Library of Poland, Warsaw, February 3, 2017, 2017. Framed chromogenic print, 161,3 x 200,7 cm. Image: Courtesy of the artist, Gladstone Gallery, New York and Brussels, neugerriemschneider, Berlin, and Zachęta – National Gallery of Art, Warsaw



About the Authors

Artist:

Sharon Lockhart (born 1964 in Norwood, USA) — Los Angeles-based artist, creates photographs and films born from the processes of in-depth research and long-term collaboration with various communities. These include: Goshogaoka (1997) created in Japan, Teatro Amazonas (2000) in Brazil, Pine Flat  (2006) and Lunch Break (2008) in the USA, as well as Podwórka (Courtyards) (2009) and Rudzienko (2016) in Poland. Lockhart’s works have been presented in numerous institutions worldwide, including the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York, Sala Rekalde in Bilbao, Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, Secession in Vienna, Centre for Contemporary Art Ujazdowski Castle in Warsaw, Kunstmuseum Luzern in Lucerne, Bonniers Konsthall in Stockholm, as well as during the Four Cultures Festival in Łódź, Sundance Film Festival, the Berlin International Film Festival, the Whitney Biennale in New York, the Shanghai and Liverpool Biennials. Lockhart’s work is also included in many prominent international collections, such as those of the Tate Modern in London and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The artist has participated in numerous fellowships and residencies, including those from the DAAD programme, the Radcliffe Institute/Harvard University, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Polin Museum in Warsaw. Lockhart was a professor at the University of Southern California Roski School of Art and Design, and currently holds a faculty position at the California Institute for the Arts.

Curator:

Barbara Piwowarska (born 1976 in Warsaw) — curator and art historian. She specialises in avant-garde art, its reception and reinterpretation, and contemporary art. In 2007 she organised Lockhart’s first presentation in Poland at the Bytom Culture Centre during the residence Live, Survive, and Create! hosted by the Kronika Gallery in Bytom. She was a recipient of the Kościuszko Foundation scholarship at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York (2001), and is a member of the International Association of Art Critics AICA. In last decade, she has curated and co-curated a number of projects and exhibitions, including a retrospective of Jadwiga Maziarska The Atlas of the Imaginary (CCA Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw), Polish New Wave: The History of a Phenomenon that Never Existed (Tate Modern, London,  Anthology Film Archives, New York and MAMC, Strasburg), Film Matters (Beton7, Athens), Die (COCO Kunstverein, Vienna), Footnote 6: As Model (Miguel Abreu Gallery, New York), The Third Room (Kunsthalle Düsseldorf and the Museum of Modern Art in Warsaw), Erna Rosenstein: I Can Repeat Only Unconsciously (Foksal Gallery Foundation and the Institute of Avant-garde, Warsaw), Erna Rosenstein: Organism (Art Stations by Grażyna Kulczyk, Poznań) among others. As of 2016, she has worked as curator at the Studio Gallery (Galeria Studio) in Warsaw.